Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. It borders Honduras to the north, Costa Rica to the south, the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Known as the “Land of Lakes and Volcanoes”, the landscape of Nicaragua is dotted with volcanoes and various waterways including lakes, lagoons and rivers. The main rivers are the San Juan which extends to Costa Rica and the Rio Grande.
Geographically, Nicaragua can be divided into three major zones: the Pacific lowlands, the central highlands and the Caribbean lowlands. Central America’s largest freshwater lakes, Lago de Managua and Lago de Nicaragua are located in the Pacific lowlands. Despite being relatively flat, there is a line of partially active volcanoes that run through this zone.
The central highlands are cooler than the Pacific lowlands and have points that span 900-1,809 metres (2,953-5935 ft) in height. The western slopes of the highlands are dry and are popular farming areas while the eastern slopes are some of the wettest places in the world. The Caribbean lowlands are hot, humid and tropical. The largest of Nicaragua’s three geographical zones, these lowlands make up more than 50% of the country.
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